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Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) started "Plant For Pakistan Day ". 

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Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) started “Plant For Pakistan Day”. 

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Directors Conference at FIA Headquarters, Islamabad. 

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Directors Conference at FIA Headquarters, Islamabad. 

Anti HumanTrafficking Unit

Human Trafficking in person

Trafficking in persons is the acquisition of people by improper means such as force, fraud or deception, with the aim of exploiting them. According to Trafficking in person Act,2018 Human Trafficking in Persons is defined as, "Any person who recruits, harbors, transports, provide or obtain another person, or attempts to do so, for compelled labor or commercial sex acts through the use of force, fraud or coercion, commits an offence of trafficking in person ." Human trafficking provides high monetary gains.It is the third largest source of organized crime revenue

Smuggling of migrants:

Smuggling of migrants involves the procurement for financial or other material benefit of illegal entry of a person into a State of which that person is not a national or resident.According to the prevention of smuggling of migrant Act,2018,Smuggling of migrant Act is defined as,"the facilitation, for benefits,of illegal entry of another person who is a foreigner,into Pakistan or from Pakistan into a country of which the person is not a national or a permanent resident,or is a citizen of Pakistan into another country of which the person is not a national or a permanent resident."

Anti Human Smuggling (AHS) Directorate

Virtually every country in the world is affected by these crimes. The challenge for all countries, rich and poor, is to target the criminals who exploit desperate people and to protect and assist victims of trafficking and smuggled migrants, many of whom endure unimaginable hardships in their bid for a better life.Being Human trafficking and Human smuggling is fastest growing international crime, so there was a dire need of an Establishment/ Directorate in FIA which acts as liaison office between the field offices of FIA in Pakistan and foreign link offices working on Human trafficking/Smuggling and the FIA HQs Islamabad and MOI. Furthermore, this Directorate also interacts with national and international organizations directly or through MOI and MOFA.For the said purpose,a separate Anti Human Smuggling Directorate had been established inSeptember 2007, headed by Director BPS-20.Anti-HumanSmuggling (AHS)is a directorate working under the Addl. D.G Immigration. The AHS Wing, in coordination with all the Zones of FIA monitors the activities of Human Smugglers/ Agents throughout Pakistan. Therefore, specialized teams have been formed in order to arrest the absconders of human smugglers / traffickers in their concerned Zones / Anti Human Trafficking Cells(AHTCs). The field units submit regular monthly and daily reports of the human smugglers to AHS Directorate based on which an annual booklet of Most Wanted Human Traffickers/ smugglers is compiled and the names of the smugglers are placed on Black List so that they are apprehended at immigration entry and exit Points

Functions of AHS

  • To curb the menace of Human Traffickers/Human Smuggling, by following the strategy i.e Protection, prosecution, punishment, prevention and promotion.
  • To Provide policies / guidelines to the field offices and circles to combat human trafficking make sure its implementation through its field offices.
  • Arrangement of special seminars and training programs for the capacity building of its field staff.
  • To monitor the performance of operational circles.
  • To maintain a data base of Human Trafficking / Smuggling crime.
  • To make analysis and research of the crime data in order to formulate policies accordingly.
  • To share information related to Human Trafficking and Migrant Smuggling with the ministry of interior, Senate, National Assembly, FIA Link offices and international organizations as an active partner of world community against Human Trafficking.
  • To maintain the record of most wanted Smugglers / Traffickers and Publication of Most wanted Human Trafficker / Smugglers yearly Redbook. To maintain the record of most wanted Smugglers / Traffickers and Publication of Most wanted Human Trafficker / Smugglers yearly Redbook
  • To monitor counter measures against Human Traffickers / Smugglers with the coordination of other law enforcement Agencies.
  • To process the complaints received to this directorate, through its operational circles and get its feedback.
  • To prevent and protect victims of Human Trafficking / Smuggling through apprehension of Human trafficker/smugglers.
  • Verification of Visas / Passports from concerned Embassies in order to stop travelling through forged documents.

Measures to combat Human Trafficking/Smuggling

To control Human Trafficking the following measures have been taken by Government of Pakistan:-

  • Establishment of Integrated Border Management System (IBMS) at all FIA Immigration Check posts (Entry/ Exit points).IBMS is a national level system of critical nature and being vital component to support FIA immigration to keep an eye on all incoming and outgoing international travelers on the basis of FIA Act, 1974 and Foreigners Registration Act 1964. Also part of National Action Plan to support Law Enforcement Agencies (LEAs) & Intelligence Agencies (IAs) in fight against terrorism, illegal trafficking and over stay of foreign nationals in Pakistan.
  • Issuance of Computerized National Identity Card/National Identity Card for Overseas Pakistanis / Pakistan origin card/ Family registration certificate by NADRA.
  • Issuance of Machine Readable Passports (MRPs)
  • Capacity Building of Immigration Staff
  • Publication of Red Book of Most Wanted Human Traffickers/Smugglers (MWS/Ts) by FIA every year for their apprehension.
  • Case Management System (CMS) has been established for the computerization of crime data and easy access to the desired information.
  • Interception of Fake/ Forged/ Tempered travel document holders at Immigration check-posts
  • Exit Control List (ECL) in order to stop the exit of Human traffickers/smugglers from Pakistan
  • Passport Control/ Black-listing of lost or stolen passports.
  • FIA prepares and plead the cases to INTERPOL to get the Red Warrants issued to apprehend Human traffickers/Smugglers and extradite and deport them to the concerned country.
  • Forgery Detection Machines at International Airports
  • Human intelligence.
  • Offloading based on screening and information
  • 24/7 FIA Helpline for complaints and support
  • Establishment of FIA link/ Liaison office in Sultanate of Oman, Spain, UK, Turkey, Malaysia and Iran.
  • Inter- Agency Task Force (IATF) has been established for the collection of intelligence and sharing of information,to control Human Trafficking/ Smuggling. The task force comprises of personnel from the FIA alongwith the Frontier Constabulary, Coast Guard, Balochistan Police, Levies, Maritime security agency and ISI etc.

APPLICABLE LAWS

  • Prevention of Trafficking in Persons Act 2018.
    In order to combat the menace of human trafficking especially in respect of women and children (victim), the law "Prevention of Trafficking in Person Act 2018" has been enacted which says “Anyone who commits the offence of trafficking in person is liable to be punished with imprisonment upto seven years or fine upto one million or with both. But if this offence is committed in respect of women and children the punishment has been extended upto ten years.”

  • Prevention of Smuggling of Migrants, Act 2018.
    “Whoever intentionally engages in or attempts to engage in the smuggling of migrants shall be punished with imprisonment which may extend to five years but which shall not be less than three years and with fine upto one million rupees”.

  • Emigration Ordinance, 1979
  • Federal Investigation Agency Act, 1974
  • Passport Act 1974
  • Foreigners Act, 1946

Transnational Crime Web

Human Trafficking/Migrant smuggling is an international crime which is multi-dimensional in nature. In order to eliminate or curb this international crime web, a consolidated and well-coordinated effort is required. This perpetual crime web needs to be monitored and unearth through joint efforts starting from the origin of the victim through its transit route to the end of his final journey. So, it will be fruitless and a futile attempt if a coordination gap exists between the departments within a country or internationally agencies. Therefore, following departments play their respective roles with well-developed coordination and cooperation

Cyber Crime Cell

In Human Trafficking / Smuggling, Internet is used as mode of communication so Cyber Crime Cell intercepts the communication of Human Traffickers / Smugglers and takes action against them.

Anti-Money Laundering Cell

In Human Trafficking payments are mostly made through illegal channels i.e. Hundi/Hawala . So,this Circle monitors illegal money transfers and suspected accounts.

Forged Documentation

The Human traffickers / smugglers mostly use forged documents to travel abroad.So, concerned departments are being involved and taken into loop to adopt measures to avoid forgery of documents and solid evidence collection

Anti-Human Smugglers / Trafficking Circle (AHTC).

AHTCs offices are equipped with the sole responsibility to curb the menace of Human smuggling and Human trafficking. AHTCs have been established being an operational unit on ground. They collect intelligence, conduct raids, investigate the cases and get them prosecuted in their respective courts. Each AHTC is headed by an officer of Deputy Director (BS-18).

Interpol

Interpol issues Red notices against proclaimed offenders of human trafficking and Smuggling.These offices in coordination with other NCBs extradite and deport the accused wanted in human Trafficking and Smuggling cases in Pakistan

Sr #ZonesCircles
1 Punjab-I Lahore
2 Punjab-II Bahawalpur
Faisalabad
Gujranwala
Gujrat
Sargodha
3 Islamabad Gilgit (GB)
Islamabad
Rawalpindi
4 Sindh Hyderabad
Karachi
Mirpur Khas
Sukkur
Shaheed Benazir Abad
5 KPK Abbottabad
Bannu
Dera Ismail Khan
Peshawar

6 Balochistan Chaman
Gwadar
Quetta
Taftan
Turbat

Achievements

  • 18 most wanted traffickers/smugglers have been arrested since Jan 2018 to 31 December 2018.
  • A total of 7037 cases have been registered since Jan 2018 to 31 December 2018, Out of which 6343 have been finalized.
  • 348 cases have been registered under the new Laws i.e
    PTPA (Prevention of Trafficking in Person Act 2018) &
    PSMA (Prevention of Smuggling of Migrants Act 2018).
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